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10 stvari koje niste znali o Jimmyju Johnu

10 stvari koje niste znali o Jimmyju Johnu

U svijet lanaca sendviča, postoji nekoliko poznatijih od drugih - Subway, Panera Bread i Blimpie, da spomenemo samo neke. No, za mnoge je Jimmy John's kralj i kladimo se da postoje neke stvari koje niste znali o ovoj brzorastućoj tvrtki.

10 stvari koje niste znali o Jimmyju Johnu (dijaprojekcija)

Jimmy John's je 1983. osnovao Jimmy John Liautaud (Da, postoji pravi Jimmy John). Nakon što mu je otac dao izbor da li će se pridružiti vojsci ili započeti posao, prihvatio je zajam od 25.000 dolara od svog oca i otvorio malu trgovinu sa sendvičima u preuređenoj garaži u Charlestonu, Illinois. Uz najamninu od 200 dolara mjesečno, mogao si je priuštiti samo hladnjak, zamrzivač, pećnicu i rezač mesa (gazirana pića prodavala su se bez leda jer si nije mogao priuštiti aparat za led).

Bootstrapping nije trajao dugo, međutim, uvelike zahvaljujući bliskoj blizini Sveučilišta Eastern Illinois i odluci da se počne nuditi usluga dostave. Posao je procvjetao, a 1985. Jimmy John otkupio je očevo zanimanje za posao. Otvorio je pregršt novih trgovina, razvio prototip, a 1993. prva franšiza otvorena je u Eau Claireu u Wisconsinu. Stota trgovina otvorena je 2001. godine, a samo devet godina nakon toga otvorila se i tisućita. Danas otvaraju oko 200 lokacija godišnje, a trenutno su u svakoj državi osim u Maineu, Aljasci i Havajima.

Uspjeh Jimmyja Johna leži u nekoliko važnih čimbenika, a to su visoka kvaliteta upotrijebljenih sastojaka, kao i brzina kojom njihovi zaposlenici mogu napraviti sendviče. No postoji još nekoliko tajni uspjeha koje vrebaju ispod površine, one koje se možda neće odmah vidjeti. U Jimmyju Johnu radi se o učinkovitosti i sigurnosti, što znači da postoje neki sendvič preljevi koje nećete pronaći iza pulta. Tu je i pregršt "tajnih" stavki na jelovniku i nekoliko drugih dragulja koji se kriju u rukavu. Čitajte 10 stvari koje niste znali o Jimmyju Johnu.

Osnivač Jimmy John Liautaud bio je na dnu svoje klase


Liautaud je pretposljednji diplomirao u srednjoj školi, a prvu lokaciju otvorio je sa samo 19 godina.

Sve je Made Fresh


Kruh se peče svjež tijekom dana, meso se nareže u trgovini, proizvodi se režu svježi svakog jutra, a salata od tunjevine radi se i na licu mjesta. Ako želite jednodnevni kruh, možete ga kupiti za samo 50 centi, ali upozorite: bit će prilično ustajao.

Kliknite ovdje za još 8 stvari koje niste znali o Jimmyju Johnu.


Outlander: 10 stvari koje niste znali o lordu Johnu Greyu

Kao jedna od najupečatljivijih osoba u seriji Outlander Diane Gabaldon, lord John Grey zadržao je obožavatelje od svog prvog pojavljivanja.

Lord John Grey možda nije ušao u srce Jamieja Frasera, ali svakako je uspio u naše. Njegov lik jedan je od najljepše složenih u cijeloj seriji. Predanost lorda Johna Greya Jamieju toliko je velika da mu je u nekoliko navrata spasio život, a više od nekoliko puta mu se potrudio učiniti svoj život lakšim i sretnijim. Čak i nakon što je znao da mu se naklonost nikada ne može vratiti, nije se pomaknuo ni kad se ukazala prilika da bude tu za Jamieja.

Čak i prema jednoj osobi za koju bi se moglo smatrati da mu stoji na putu, Claire, on pokazuje ogromno poštovanje prema njoj. Na temelju njegovog izgleda ima mnogo toga za raspakirati iz lika Johna Greya Outlander sama. No čak i ako pogledamo dalje od emisije, postoji više od nekoliko stvari koje ga čine još izvanrednijim. Pogledajmo deset stvari koje niste znali o lordu Johnu Greyu.


Fleetwood Mac ’s ‘Rumours ’: 10 stvari koje niste znali i#8217t niste znali

“Drama. Dra-ma, ” je kako je Christine McVie opisala snimku Glasine do Kotrljajući kamen nedugo nakon objavljivanja 4. veljače 1977. A to nije bila ni polovica toga. Sesije za remek -djela Fleetwood Mac -a#8216 imaju sve elemente pomno ispisane kazališne romanse i složene zaplete, ogromne količine novca i brdo kokaina.

The Glasine saga je jedna od najpoznatijih rock -sapunica#8217, ali evo osvježavajućeg tečaja o dramatičnoj osobi: Stevie Nicks upravo se rastala sa svojom dugogodišnjom ljubavnicom i glazbenom partnericom, Lindsey Buckingham, dok se Christine usred razvoda razvela od muža , basist John McVie. U međuvremenu, vanbračni brak Micka Fleetwooda#8217 bio je na ljestvici, što je dovelo do afere s Nicksom prije nego što je godina izašla. Ovo unutarnje previranje pojavilo se u brutalno iskrenim tekstovima, pretvarajući album u zadivljujuću romantičnu ispovijest koju je rekao-rekla-rekla. Osobni životi glazbenika i#8217 trajno spojeni u utorima i svi koji su to slušali Glasine postati voajer bolnog, glamuroznog nereda.

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Dramu na stranu, Glasine jedan je od najboljih radova koje je bend ikada proizveo. “Odbili smo dopustiti da naši osjećaji naruše našu predanost glazbi, koliko god komplicirani ili isprepleteni postali, ” Fleetwood je kasnije napisao u svojim memoarima iz 2014. godine. “To je bilo teško učiniti, ali bez obzira na sve, igrali smo kroz ozljedu. ”

Glasine je u konačnici nesretna ljubavna priča sa sretnim završetkom. Na kraju, mučan emocionalni pritisak donio je dijamant raskošnog rocka kasnih sedamdesetih. RIAA se složila, kasnije je album certificirala kao takav. Do danas je LP preselio više od 45 milijuna primjeraka diljem svijeta, što ga čini jednim od najprodavanijih albuma svih vremena.

U čast Glasine‘ 40. obljetnice, evo 10 malo poznatih priča o njenom nastanku.

1. “Lanac ” ima svoju osnovu u neobjavljenoj pjesmi Christine McVie.

Druga strana Glasine počinje s Fleetwood Mac -ovim vlastitim Frankensteinovim čudovištem. Napravljen od pregršt različitih glazbenih fragmenata, “The Chain ” ima razliku kao jedina pjesma pripisana svih pet članova postave kasnih sedamdesetih. U svojoj srži je skladba Christine McVie “Keep Me There ” (poznata i kao “Butter Cookie ”), napeta pjesma vođena tipkovnicom koja je ostala nedovršena tijekom ranih sesija albuma u veljači 1976. godine.

“Odlučili smo da mu treba most, pa smo presjekli most i uredili ga u ostatak pjesme ", rekao je Buckingham Kotrljajući kamen 1977. Smjestili su se na zlokobni bas odlomak od 10 nota koji je svirao John McVie uz polagani krešendo bubnjeva Fleetwood ’s. “Nismo ’ dobili vokal i ostavili smo ga dugo u hrpi komada. Skoro je otišlo s albuma. Zatim smo slušali i odlučili da nam se most sviđa, ali nije ’ se svidio ostatak pjesme. Pa sam napisao stihove za taj most, koji izvorno nije bio u pjesmi, i uredio ih u. ”

Radeći unatrag od mosta, Buckingham je upotrijebio Fleetwoodov bubanj kao jednostavan metronom kako bi zadržao vrijeme. Za vez je posudio folklornu gitarsku figuru koja se ranije koristila u njegovoj vlastitoj pjesmi “Lola (Moja ljubav) ” snimljenoj s Nicksima za album Buckingham Nicks iz 1973. pre Fleetwood Mac-a. “Završetak je jedino što je preostalo od originalne pjesme [Christine McVie ’s]. Na kraju smo ga nazvali ‘Lanac ’ jer se radilo o hrpi komada. ”

Tekst bi bio konačna poveznica. “Orginalno nismo imali riječi o tome, ” Fleetwood je kasnije rekao Lucky 98 FM radiju. “I stvarno je postala pjesma tek kad je Stevie napisao neke. Ušla je jedan dan i rekla: "Napisala sam neke riječi koje bi mogle biti dobre za ono što ste neki dan radili u studiju." Pa je to sastavljeno. Lindsey je aranžirala i napravila pjesmu od svih dijelova koje smo stavljali na kasetu. ” Pjesma ostaje središnji dio live sastava benda, prikladna metafora za veze koje vežu Fleetwood Mac unatoč desetljećima međuljudska previranja.

2. Stevie Nicks napisao je##8220Dreams ” u krevetu Sly Stone.

Sesije u rekordnoj tvornici u Sausalitu u Kaliforniji mogle bi biti dosadne stvari, a Nicks nema što učiniti. Kako bi dosadu držala podalje & ndash, a trvenja s Buckinghamom svela na minimum & ndash, često je tražila utočište u neiskorištenom studiju dolje u hodniku koji je bio izgrađen za funk odmetnika Sly Stonea. “ Uzeo bih sa sobom električni klavir, i moje heklanje, i moji časopisi, i moje knjige, i moja umjetnost, a ja bih samo ostao tamo dok im ne zatrebam, ” sjetila se u dokumentarcu iz 1997. godine Klasični albumi: Glasine.

Po svemu sudeći to je bio prilično inspirativan prostor, napravljen u stilu sedamdesetih s punim nagibom. “To je bila crno-crvena soba, s utonulom jamom u sredini gdje je bio klavir, i velikim krevetom od crnog baršuna s viktorijanskim zavjesama,#prisjetila se u Miješalica. “Sjeo sam na krevet s tipkovnicom ispred sebe. Pronašao sam uzorak bubnja, uključio svoj mali kazetofon i napisao "#8216Dreams ’" za otprilike 10 minuta. ” Jednostavni ponavljani rifon s tri akorda bacio je hipnotičku čaroliju na neobičan dance-y utor.

Svjesna da ima nešto posebno u rukama, vratila se u radionicu Fleetwood Mac ’s. “Ušla sam i predala Lindsey kasetu s pjesmom, ” rekla je The Daily Mail 2009. “To je bilo teško, samo sam pjevao solo i svirao klavir. Iako je u to vrijeme bio ljut na mene, Lindsey je to svirala, a zatim je podigla pogled prema meni i nasmiješila se. Ono što se događalo među nama bilo je tužno i bili smo parovi koji nisu mogli proći. No, kao glazbenici, ipak smo se poštovali. ”

Pjesma bi bila drugi singl objavljen iz Glasine, drugo mjesto u Buckinghamu ’s “Go Your Own Way. ” Nicks bi nazvao par "#win" pjesmama,##8221 dok su oboje zapisivali borbu kako bi odvojili svoje otrovno romantično partnerstvo od svog iznimno uspješnog profesionalnog.

“Iako je ‘Idi svojim putem ’ bilo je pomalo ljuto, bilo je i iskreno, ” Nicks je napisao u bilješkama o liniji Glasine reizdati 2013. “Zato sam tada napisao ‘Snovi, ’ i zato što sam ’m riba iz šifona koja vjeruje u vile i anđele, a Lindsey je hardcore tip, to izlazi drugačije. Lindsey kaže da izađi s drugim muškarcima i da živiš svojim usranim životom i [pjevam o kiši koja te čisti. Došli smo do toga iz različitih kutova, ali doista smo govorili istu stvar. ”

Dok je “Idi svojim putem, ” dosegao respektabilan broj 10, nesumnjivo je obradovao Nicksa kada su “Dreams ” zaplovili sve do vrha Billboardove ljestvice. Ostaje jedini singl Fleetwood Mac i broj#8217 u Sjedinjenim Državama.

3. Mick Fleetwood pripisuje svoju disleksiju neobičnim uzorkom bubnjanja na “Go Your Own Way. ”

Dok su se jedno jutro vozili u Record Plant, Buckingham i koproducent Richard Dashut počeli su raspravljati o tome koliko se dive sinkopiranim bubnjevima koje je Charlie Watts svirao na Rolling Stonesima ’ “Street Fighting Man. ” S obzirom na to dalje , Buckingham je odlučio da bi sličan obrazac dobro odgovarao njegovoj novoj pjesmi “Go Your Own Way. ” Ideju je prenio na Fleetwood, koji se potrudio oponašati ono što je čuo, ali rezultat je dezorijentirao, nesređen udarac. Iako se jako razlikovao od onog što su svirali Buckingham (i Watts), nevjerojatni aranžman pokazao se samo kao savršen za pjesmu.

“ [The] ritam je bio tom-tom struktura koju je Lindsey demonstrirala udarajući u Kleenexove kutije ili tako nešto, "#8221 Fleetwood je rekao u Klasični albumi. “Nikad se nisam sasvim uhvatio u koštac sa onim što je želio, pa je krajnji rezultat bila moja mutirana interpretacija. To je postao glavni dio pjesme, potpuno zaostali pristup koji je došao, stidim se i stidim se, jer sam kapitalizirao svoju nesposobnost. ”

Fleetwood vjeruje da je njegova takozvana “neptinnost ” zapravo posljedica njegove stalne borbe s poremećajem učenja. “Disleksija je apsolutno ublažila način na koji razmišljam o ritmu i način na koji sam svirao svoj instrument,##8221 koji je napisao u svojim memoarima, Igraj dalje. “Priroda, mi bubnjari upravljamo nizom rotirajućih ploča & hellip [ali] moje metode držanja mojih tanjura u potpunosti su moje. Zaista nisam imao pojma, niti mogućnosti da glazbeno objasnim što sam ikada radio u određenoj pjesmi. ”

Njegov je stil zbunio i druge stickmane. Kad je Boz Scaggs poslužio kao otvarač na turneji Fleetwood Mac, bubnjar Jeff Porcaro proveo je mnogo noći u krilima, pokušavajući raščlaniti ritmove na “Go Your Own Way. ” Uzbuđen, Porcaro se konačno približio Fleetwoodu jedne noći nakon predstave i zamolio ga da otkrije svoju tajnu. Nažalost, ni Fleetwood nije znao točno kako je to učinio. “ Tek nakon što smo nastavili razgovarati, Jeff je shvatio da se ne šalim, & rekao je kasnije. “Na kraju smo se silno nasmijali tome, a kad sam mu kasnije rekao da sam disleksičan, to je konačno imalo smisla. ”

4. Gitara Lindsey Buckingham ’s mijenjala se svakih 20 minuta tijekom snimanja pjesme "#Never Going Back Again".
Priče o potrazi za zvučnim savršenstvom Fleetwood Mac -a#8217 su legendarne. Bendu je navodno bilo potrebno četiri dana, devet klavira i tri štimerice kako bi pronašli odgovarajući instrument za Christine McVie, a koproducent Ken Caillat kaže Zvuk na Zvuku da su sesije za “lanac ” bile podjednako iscrpljujuće. “Skoro sam dobio otkaz dok sam pokušavao to snimiti jer smo proveli pet dana na zvukovima bubnja i bend je mislio da nemamo pojma. ”

Caillat je također posvetio posebnu pozornost zvuku akustične gitare Buckinghama tijekom snimanja nježnog “Never Going Back Again,##8221 što je dovelo do neobične tehnike snimanja. “ Primijetio sam da kad god je svirao, postojala je velika razlika u tome kako su njegove žice zvučale sjajno nakon samo 20 minuta, ” rekao je Glazbeni radar 2012. “Tako sam rekao, ‘Možemo li odmoriti vašu gitaru svakih 20 minuta? ’ Htio sam dobiti najbolji zvuk na svakom njegovom dijelu za odabir. ”

Napor je trajao cijeli dan i iscrpio je dobru volju nekoliko studijskih tehničara. “I ’m siguran sam da su me putnici htjeli ubiti. Odmaranje gitare tri puta svakih sat vremena bila je kučka. Ali Lindsey je imala puno dijelova pjesme, a svaki je zvučao veličanstveno. ”

Konačni rezultati bili su čisto savršenstvo, osim jednog problema. “Kad je Lindsey krenuo pjevati, shvatio je da je svirao svoje gitarističke udjele u krivom ključu. Oh covjece! Tako smo sljedeći dan sve iznova snimili, odustajući od promjene žica na gitari & ndash, morali smo sve to izgubiti kako bismo mogli natjerati Lindsey da pjeva u pravom ključu. ”

5. Bend je koristio stolicu kao udaraljkaški instrument na “Second Hand News. ”
Otvaranje albuma Buckinghama započelo je kao marš s keltskim nijansama, privremeno poznat kao “Strummer. ” Ne želeći antagonizirati Nicke više nego što je bilo potrebno, zadržao je pjesme u sebi u ovoj ranoj fazi, a pjesma je napredovala kao instrumental.

“Pjesma se sama sastoji od svojevrsnih utjecaja škotskog irskog folka, a kad smo je tek počeli rezati, počeli smo raditi nešto što je možda doslovan prijevod toga, poput možda marša na zamci s četkama, ” on prisjetio se u Klasični albumi dokumentarni. “No i mi smo bili jako zainteresirani za zadržavanje pop elementa, jer će to biti prva pjesma, a to je bio pop album. ”

Zaintrigirani prodornim ritmovima pronađenim u tada aktualnom hitu Bee Gees ’Jive Talkin ” & ndash koji je pak bio inspiriran zvukom automobila braće Gibb#8217 koji prelazi Miami i Julia Tuttle Causeway i ndash Buckingham pokušali su ubrizgati lagani disco groove u pjesmu. Da bi postigao željeni udarni učinak, lupao je po sjedalu stolice Naugahyde koja se nalazila u studiju.

“Lindsey je bio kralj naglaska, ” Caillat se zadivio govoreći 2012. u Grammyjevom muzeju. “Mogao je naglašavati s gitarama, mogao je naglašavati s tomovima [i] mogao je naglašavati sa stolicama Naugahyde. ”

6. “Songbird ” snimljeno je uživo u UC Berkeley ’s Zellerbach Auditorium.
Mnogo pjesama na Glasine prošao je opsežnu transformaciju prije nego što je pronašao svoj put do gotovog proizvoda, ali suvremena pjesmarica Christine McVie potpuno je formirana od trenutka kada ju je Caillat prvi put čuo na kraju dugog datuma snimanja. “ Završavali smo jednu od ludih sesija u Sausalito Record Plant -u, a ja sam završavao neke kablove,#prisjetio se u muzeju Grammy. “Cristine je sjela za klavir i počela svirati ovu prekrasnu pjesmu. Prestao sam s onim što radim, okrenuo sam se i promatrao je. Baš sam se začudio koliko je ova pjesma lijepa. ”

Umjesto da uguši melodiju cjelovitim tretmanom, Caillat je odlučio isprobati ogoljeni pristup. “Prije Glasine, Snimio sam album s Jonijem Mitchellom u kazalištu Berkeley Community, ” rekao je Glazbeni radar. “Mislio sam da je snimanje sličnih koncertnih recitala savršeno za ‘Songbird. ’ Christine i cijelom bendu se svidjela ideja. ”

Kazalište zajednice Berkeley nije bilo dostupno, pa je Caillat rezervirao sveučilišnu dvoranu u Zellerbachu za 3. ožujka 1976. zajedno s školjkom orkestra i Steinwayom od devet stopa. “Na iznenađenje za Christine, zatražio sam da se na njezin glasovir stavi buket ruža s tri reflektora u boji kako bi ih osvijetlio odozgo. Stvarno sam želio stvoriti raspoloženje! ” napisao je u svojoj knjizi, Šuškanje: Unutarnja priča klasičnog albuma Fleetwood Mac. “Kad je Christine stigla, prigušili smo svjetla kuće tako da je mogla vidjeti samo cvijeće i klavir sa svjetlima reflektora koja su sijala s neba. Skoro se rasplakala. Tada se počela igrati. ”

Sjednica se nastavila do sedam sati ujutro sljedećeg jutra, dok su nastupi uživo snimljeni s 15 mikrofona postavljenih oko gledališta. “Dugo je trajalo jer sam to morala učiniti u jednom potezu, ” ona se sjetila u Klasični albumi. Sviranje akustične gitare Buckinghama ’s također je snimljeno uživo.

7. “Srebrni izvori ” su prekinuti Glasine zbog ograničenja prostora.

11. cjelovečernji film Fleetwood Mac zamišljen je kao zbirka potencijalnih hit pjesama s velikim potencijalom i plan koji se odigrao točno onako kako se grupa nadala. Radio u ekstremnim uvjetima, sva četiri singla & ndash “Idite svojim putem, ” “Snovi, ” “Don ’t Stop ” i “You Make Loving Fun ” & ndash dosegli su američki vrh 10, a astronomske brojke prodaje albuma svjedoče o tome Glasine‘ kvaliteta proizvodnje i glazbeno umijeće. No, nemilosrdna kontrola kvalitete imala je neželjeni nuspojava: ostavljajući jednog od Nicks ’ budućih klasika na podu rezalice.

“Stevie je toliko plodna, sve su joj pjesme u početku bile dugačke oko 14 minuta, "#Caillat kaže u dokumentarcu Stevie Nicks: Kroz ogledalo. “Ta bi samo nastavila i nastaviti, i bilo je priča o njezinoj majci i baki i smislenih priča o njezinu psu, ili što već. Zato mi je posao bio sjediti s njom i smanjiti ih na tri ili četiri minute. I bilo je suza: ‘Ne možeš ’ izvaditi tu liniju! '”

Jedan od takvih epova bio je “Silver Springs, ” prijekorna pjesma koja je bila uperena ravno u njezinog bivšeg. “Ja sam napisala ‘Silver Springs ’ o Lindsey, ” ona kaže u Klasični albumi. “Bili smo u Marylandu gdje smo se vozili ispod znaka autoceste na kojem je pisalo Silver Spring, Maryland. I svidjelo mi se ime. ‘Srebrni izvori ’ zvučali su mi kao prilično bajno mjesto. ‘Mogli biste biti moji srebrni izvori. … ’ To je#samo simbolična stvar onoga što ste mogli biti za mene. ”

S obzirom na to da vinil može držati samo 22 minute po strani, izmjene su bile praktična potreba. Kad su se sesije završile krajem 1976., Caillat se suočio s problemom matematike i estetike. “ Do tada smo bili u devetom mjesecu snimanja i počeli smo gledati unaprijed koje pjesme imamo##8217d za album. Shvatili smo da imamo neke duge pjesme poput ‘Go Your Own Way, ” i neke spore pjesme i srednje spore pjesme. Bili smo zabrinuti da bismo mogli imati prespor album. Nismo htjeli staviti iglu na Side One i imati sve spore pjesme. Počeli smo sastavljati narudžbe za testiranje i otkrili da ne možemo napraviti niz svih pjesama u skladu s 22 minute koje nisu bile presporo. ”

Tako je “Srebrni izvor ” postao žrtvom zajedničke sjekire. U pokušaju umiriti Nicksa, bend je snimio instrumentalnu pjesmu za jednu od njezinih pjesama prije Fleetwood Maca, “I Don ’t Want to Know, ” bez njezina znanja. Buckingham je napokon objavio vijest kad je došlo vrijeme za snimanje vokala.

“Odveli su me na parkiralište i rekli, ‘Uklanjamo “Srebrne opruge ” s evidencije jer je predugo, "” Nicks je kasnije napisao u Glasine ponovno izdajte liner bilješke. “Nepotrebno je reći da nisam ’ na to dobro reagirao. Na kraju sam rekao, ‘Koju ćete pjesmu umjesto toga staviti na album? ’ Rekli su, ‘Snimili smo “I Ne ’t želim znati, ” ‘ i mislim da je Lindsey tako mislila bilo bi dobro sa mnom jer sam ja to napisao. Ali nisam bio u redu s tim. To uvijek stavlja sjenu na “I Ne ’t želim znati, ” nažalost & ndash iako to volim i ispalo je odlično. ”

“Silver Springs ” ispao je na B stranu Buckinghama ’s “Go Your Own Way, ” posebno gadan potez s obzirom na to da se njegova pjesma osvrnula na Nicks s manje nego besplatnim linijama poput “shacking up &# 8217s sve što želite učiniti. ” Pjesma je ostala relativno duboka dok nije uvrštena na live album Fleetwood Mac ’s iz 1997., Ples. Ova nova verzija donijela je bendu Grammyja, a Nicksima ozbiljno zadovoljstvo.

“Morate shvatiti da je ‘Srebrni izvori ’ tako iskreno izbačen s ploče prije 20 godina, a ja sam bila toliko iskreno shrvana … jer sam voljela pjesmu,##koja je tada rekla za MTV. “Zato nisam ni pomislio da će se ‘Srebrni izvori ’ ikada izvesti na pozornici, [ili] će se za njih ikada više čuti. Moja lijepa pjesma je jednostavno nestala. Tako da mi se ovo vratilo zaista bilo, stvarno posebno za mene. ”

8. Mick Fleetwood ’s loptice na Glasine naslovnice imaju pozadinu.

Jedan od neobičnijih detalja ikonične naslovne fotografije Herberta Worthingtona je par drvenih lopti koje vise s prepona iznimno uskih hlača Micka Fleetwooda. Više od trenutka dječačke zafrkancije, loptice & ndash zapravo “slavni lanci ” & ndash potječu iz jedne od najranijih Mac svirki.

“Moram priznati da sam popio nekoliko čaša engleskog ale & ndash -a i izašao iz toaleta s ovim, ” rekao je Maui vrijeme 2009. “Bio sam vrlo destruktivan & ndash otkinuo sam ih s WC -a i objesio mi među noge. ”

Iako je humor imao važnu ulogu u neobičnom umjetničkom izboru, Fleetwood je smatrao da je to prikladan znak njegove glazbene loze. “Uistinu, počeo sam kao igrač bluesa. Cijela etika mnogih blues glazbe pomalo je sugestivna, mogu reći. I prikladno, izašao sam na pozornicu s ova dva lanca za toalet s tim drvenim kuglicama koje su visjele, a nakon toga se jednostavno zalijepilo. ”

Ovo nije bio njegov jedini danak muškosti. Fleetwood je prošao kroz dug period postavljanja dilda na svoj bas bubanj. Nazvana “Harold, ” seksualna igračka postala je nešto poput maskote tijekom inkarnacije benda prije Buckinghama/Nicksa. “Haroldov život u showbiznisu doživio je krah na američkom južnobaptističkom koledžu, gdje smo bili skoro uhićeni zbog njegove izvedbe, rekao je Fleetwood Express godinama kasnije. “Siromašni Harold bio im je previše i, na veliku žalost moje supruge, završio je dane na izložbi sjedeći na našem borovom kutnom ormariću. ”

Fleetwoodove loptice u međuvremenu su imale znatno duži vijek trajanja. Postali su bubnjarski osobni talisman za sreću, pojavljujući se na gotovo svakoj izvedbi Fleetwood Maca. Nažalost, originalni set izgubljen je na cesti, ali zaslužuje repliku. “Neću osvojiti ’t reći da su ’stari kao ja, ali & ndash počinje ulaziti u komentare s ocjenom X ovdje & ndash moja jaja su prilično stara. ”

9. Bend je razmišljao zahvaliti svom trgovcu kokainom na zaslugama albuma.
Prilikom proučavanja snimanja Glasine, nemoguće je izbjeći temu rasprostranjene uporabe kokaina. Fleetwood je slavno zaključio da ako je sav kokain koji je ikada ušmrkao položio u jednu liniju, protegao se na sedam milja. “Priče o višku su istinite, ali svi bismo već bili mrtvi da nismo napravljeni od jačih stvari, ” napisao je u Igraj dalje.

Coca-cola je bila manje zadovoljstvo, a više potreba, pomažući u borbi protiv umora tijekom iscrpljujućih višesatnih sjednica & ndash i mučnih emocija. “Toliko ste se loše osjećali zbog toga što se događalo da ste napravili red kako biste se razveselili, ” Nicks je rekao Mojo u 2012. godini.

Kokain je odigrao tako važnu ulogu u proizvodnji Glasine da je bend ozbiljno razmišljao zahvaliti svom dileru droge na albumima, sve dok nasilje gangland očito nije prerano prekinulo tu ideju. “Nažalost, smaknut je & ndash pogubljen! & ndash prije nego što je stvar izašla na vidjelo, ” Fleetwood je napisao u svojim prvim memoarima, 1990 ’s Fleetwood: Moj život i avanture u Fleetwood Macu.

10. Annie Leibovitz ’s Kotrljajući kamen pokrovni izdanak posijao je sjeme Nicks ’ afere s Fleetwoodom.
Incestuozna reputacija Fleetwood Mac -a na njihovom prvom ismijavanju Kotrljajući kamen naslovnica, koja prikazuje cijeli bend u krevetu jedan s drugim. “Namjera je bila podvala na glasine o našim privatnim životima, pa ipak, simbolično, slika nam je pokazala točno onakvima kakvi smo & ndash svi u braku, ” napisao je Fleetwood u Igraj dalje.

Annie Leibovitz, već vjerna ikona rock-fotografije, igrala je ulogu savjesne voditeljice kad je kvintet stigao u njezin studio na snimanje. “Mislio sam da bih ’d bio fin i pristojan, pa sam svima donio hrpu kokaina,#sjećala se ona. “ Tih dana, za fotografiranje, upravo ste donijeli kokain. Uzeo sam ga i isprva su izgledali pomalo izbezumljeno, ali su ga onda potrošili za otprilike 30 sekundi. Tada sam saznao da su nedavno bili na odvikavanju. Dakle, svi su bili pomalo nervozni i napeti. ”

Nicks se ne sjeća tvrdih stvari (“Mislio sam da je u pitanju šampanjac! ”), ali sjeća se treme. “Kad je Annie rekla da želi da zajedno legnemo na veliki krevet, bilo je to, ‘Hmm, nadam se da imaš rezervnu ideju. ’ Ali rekla je, ‘Ne, izgledat ćeš sjajno , ovo će biti zabavno, popijte čašu šampanjca. '” Izvorni koncept pozivao je dva bivša para da se zagrle u flagranteu, ali ovo je prerezano malo do kosti. “Za Stevieja i mene, rane i neprijateljstva još su bile vrlo svježe, "#kaže Buckingham. “Pa ideja za fotografiju nije bila ’zvuko smiješna. ”

Nicks je na kraju spustio njezino stopalo. Rekao sam, ‘OK, ali ne mogu biti u krevetu pored Lindsey. ’ Pa sam se sklupčao pored Micka sljedeća tri sata dok je Annie spuštena iznad nas na platformi. A Christine zaista nije htjela biti uz Ivana jer su se tek razveli. ” Umjesto toga, basist sjedi sam, zadubljen u kopiju Playboy.

Iako su pokušali zadržati distancu s poštovanjem, sjednica je izazvala kratki romantični sastanak između Nicksa i Buckinghama. “Nakon toga, Lindsey i ja smo počele razgovarati o tome kako je nevjerojatno bilo to što sam ne tako davno bila konobarica, a on nije imao posao, a sada smo bili na naslovnici Kotrljajući kamen s ovim ogromnim rekordom. Ležali smo oko dva sata razgovarajući i lupajući. Konačno, Annie nam je morala reći da odemo jer je sobu iznajmljivala samo toliko dugo. ”

Možda je iznenađujuće što su sati koje je Nicks proveo ušuškavajući se s Fleetwoodom ostavili dubok dojam na njih oboje. Fleetwood je kasnije napisala da je zbog snimanja shvatio da su se on i Nicks definitivno poznavali u prethodnim životima. ” Nicks sama priznaje da je seansa posadila sjeme za Mick i mene, što se dogodilo godinu dana kasnije. ” Afera je ozbiljno započela tijekom kasne ljetne stanke u naizgled beskrajnoj turneji benda te godine, neposredno prije nego što su otputovali u južni Pacifik. “Stevie i ja znali smo se odmaći i otići u avanture nakon svirki, što je bio jednostavan način da se pobjegne. ” Romantična putovanja u Maui, Novi Zeland i produžene vožnje kroz Hollywoodska brda zbližila su ih.

Veza nije trebala potrajati, ali Fleetwood nosi nešto poput baklje za svog kolegu iz benda. “Samo se volimo u pravom smislu riječi, što nadilazi strast. Odnijet ću svoju ljubav prema njoj kao osobi u svoj grob, jer Stevie Nicks je žena koja inspirira tu predanost. Ne žalim, niti ona, ali ponekad se zajedno hihoćemo i pitamo se što bi se moglo dogoditi da smo s obzirom na tu strast imali prostora i vremena da procvjetamo u nešto više. ”


10 stvari koje definitivno niste znali o Billu Clintonu

On je jedno od najprepoznatljivijih lica na planeti. Vodio je slobodni svijet. Njegova popularnost stvar je zavisti. I reinkarnirao se više puta od Krišne. Dakle, morali bismo znati sve što se može znati o Billu Clintonu, zar ne?

Pa, evo 10 stvari koje možda ne znate o našem 42. predsjedniku:

1) Jednom je sudjelovao u radijskom kvizu o Mojem Malom Poniju.

Izazov je došao od voditelja NPR -a Petera Sagala. "Dakle, vi ste bivši predsjednik, vi ste stipendist Rodosa, slavno ste dobro informirani", rekao je Sagal, "U što bismo mogli biti sigurni da tako uspješna osoba poput vas neće znati ništa? A onda je došao odgovor mi: TV emisija 'Moj mali poni: Prijateljstvo je čarolija.' "Tada je bivši predsjednik nastavio s posjedovanjem pitanja o poniju, točno je odgovorio na sva tri pitanja i osvojio nagradu za slušatelja Davea Parksa iz Chicoa u Kaliforniji.

2) On zna zapanjujuću količinu znanja o pilićima i uzgoju pilića.

Nakon što je tijekom intervjua za stipendiju na Rodosu postavio pitanje o kokošima i slobodnoj trgovini, mladi Bill obećao je da ga više nikada neće zapinjati pitanja o pilićima. Kako je to napisao u svojoj knjizi Moj život, "To se više nikada nije dogodilo. Dok sam bio guverner i predsjednik, ljudi su bili začuđeni koliko znam o tome kako se pilići uzgajaju, prerađuju i prodaju u zemlji i inozemstvu."

3) Stari rimski zlikovac naveo ga je na proučavanje prava.

According to David Maraniss's 1995 biography of Clinton, it was Hot Springs High Latin teacher Mrs. Buck who first fired the budding politico's interest in the law. The class put on a rendition of the trial of Catiline, a roguish Roman who planned to sack and set fire to the city. Bill Clinton signed up to defend the quite-guilty Catiline, though he knew in advance he had lost the case before he started. Later he would mention to Mrs. Buck that the experience made him want to study law.

4) He played rugby at Oxford.

During his presidency, he was famous, or rather, infamous, for his itty-bitty running shorts and the peculiar habit of jogging to burn calories, before arriving at a McDonalds to put those same calories right back where they started. But in graduate school, Clinton dabbled in rugby. He reportedly played in Little Rock, Arkansas, as well.

5) Hopalong Cassidy, one of the first TV cowboys, was one of Bill Clinton's boyhood heroes.

He was one of the first TV cowboy heroes, and Bill Clinton was as thrilled by him as other boys of that era were. The President saw Hopalong every time he went to sleep, as his bedspread featured the cowboy. He even dressed up as him and later wrote a preface for a book about Hopalong.

6) He ever-so-briefly worked as a corporate lawyer.

He had been elected Governor of Arkansas at the almost unheard-of age of 32. Then he was unceremoniously dumped by the voters. So what's the youngest ex-governor in America to do? Serve "Of Counsel" to a law firm, of course. Clinton joined the firm of Wright, Lindsey and Jennings, a two-year span between his governorships that seems to have been one of the more miserable professional periods in his life.

7) He prefers briefs over boxers. obično.

To this day the question of why he chose to answer the question remains a debated one among Clintonistas. But he did. When a young woman asked him whether he prefers boxers or briefs, he answered, "Usually briefs." A clearly flummoxed Clinton violated the cardinal political rule: Always answer the question you wish you were asked, not the one you were actually asked.

8) He lined the back of his El Camino with astroturf.

"You don't want to know why, but I did," he winked and told an audience during a stop at a Louisiana truck plant in 1994. Later, though, he backtracked: "It wasn't for what everybody thought it was for," he told radio show host Don Imus. Sure, Bill, we believe you.

9) He eats apples all the way through--core, stem, seeds and all.

It was a habit he picked up in his college days, while trying to emulate his professor Jan Deutsch. As Clinton writes in his autobiography, "[Professor Deutsch] was the only man I'd ever met who ate all of an apple, including the core. He said all the good minerals were there. He was smarter than I was, so I tried it. Once in a while, I still do, with fond memories of Professor Deutsch."

10) He once ad-libbed a speech to Congress.

The TelePrompter was supposed to feature the finished, polished, worked-over-dozens-of-times version of a speech outlining the Clinton administration's approach to health care. It didn't. It had a dated speech, and by the time the President began speaking, he was forced to wing it for seven harrowing minutes of the address. "I thought, well Lord, you're testing me," the President later said. Some observers noted wryly that he seemed to do better while improvising and embellishing than when he was reading the prepared remarks.


2. It was invented under the orders of Napoleon

Well, in a roundabout fashion. In 1870, the French were soundly beaten in a conflict with the Prussians, and looking for answers to why this had happened, came to the conclusion that the poor quality of its soldiers’ rations were affecting their fighting capability.

They then reportedly asked Johnston, who had emigrated to Canada by then, to devise a form of "canned beef" that would supplement the standard fare.

Johnston instead came up with a thick concentrate of salty beef that could be either eaten as a spread on a slice of bread or dissolved in hot water to provide a savoury drink - the product he had earlier created in Edinburgh - and the rest they say, is history.

3. Inventor Johnston was a canny promoter

He organised a stunt for a launch of Bovril at the 1887 Colonial and Continental Exhibition in London by recreating a Montreal Ice Palace in frosted glass to encourage sales of Bovril from the chilly location.

4. The first Bovril adverts appeared in 1889

One employee went on to set up his own advertising agency. The beef drink was his first client.

5. One famous advert showed a picture of the Pope drinking a hot mug of Bovril

Above was the slogan, "The Two Infallible Powers – The Pope and Bovril".

6. It was so popular by the turn of the century that was being sold in more than 3,000 British pubs, grocers and chemists

It was available in South Africa and South America around that time.

7. Bovril was advertised as a potential aid to slimming in the 1980s

Via a campaign fronted by model Jerry Hall, using the slogan "Are you a Bovril body?"

8. Bovril's instant beef stock was launched in 1966

Its "King of Beef" instant flavours for stews, casseroles and gravy came along in 1971.

9. Famous explorer Ernest Shackleton was reportedly a fan

The adventurer was said to have shared a cup of Bovril with Captain Scott on Christmas Day of 1902, near the South Pole, after a chilling four-hour march.

10. Unilever, the company that now produces Bovril, sparked anger six years ago by changing its composition from beef to yeast.

The change was made amid concerns about mad-cow disease and the growing popularity of vegetarianism.

After prolonged criticism that the product had lost its taste, Unilever relented and reintroduced beef extract.

• READ MORE: Scotland, football and Bovril

Bonus facts:

The old North Stand - where the Sandy Jardine Stand is now - at Ibrox Stadium was once called the Bovril Stand because of the large and distinctive advertisement displayed on its roof.

Bovril has appeared in TV shows like Top Gear and Frasier.

SNP MP Mhairi Black said the strangest thing thrown at her during the independence referendum was a Bovril cube. She added they’d gone to the trouble of unwrapping it before throwing it.

She said: “I thought ‘that’s a lot of effort and it’s not even hurting’.”


10 things you (probably) didn't know about Tunnock's

There are several essential things most people in Scotland (and elsewhere) are likely to add to their list of things they'd need to survive on a desert island, but we are guessing that more than a few would have Tunnock's Teacakes or Caramel Wafers written down in the top 5.

Few things made visiting an elderly relative's better than the obligatory offering of some form of Tunnock's treats, be it the luxurious Teacake, the delicious Wafer or on the odd occasion the mildly exotic Snowball.

In fact, most Scots would probably have 'do a Tunnock's factory tour' on their list of 'Scottish things to do before you die'.

It's the one ice breaker guaranteed to bring any Scottish people in a room together: "What's your favourite Tunnock's - the Teacake, the Caramel Wafer, the Caramel Log or the Snowball?"

Almost as iconic as Irn Bru, smoked salmon, haggis or whisky, here are 10 things you (probably) didn't know about one of Scotland's best love confectionery companies:

1. The company was formed by Thomas Tunnock as Tunnock's in 1890, when he purchased a baker's shop in Lorne Place, Uddingston.

Thomas Tunnock with his son Archie. Picture: TSPL

The company grew from these humble beginnings into a successful private baking company before striking it rich with their confectionery line.

In a recent interview with the Telegraph, Boyd Tunnock, Thomas' grandson said: "Between the wars, my father [Archie] was the biggest private caterer in the Glasgow area. I have all his daybooks from 1933 to 1942 – we take them to exhibitions and someone will say, 'Your father did my granny’s wedding,' so we’ll look it up and there it is."

Originally bought for just £80, The company now makes 80 tonnes of caramel each week – 1.5 tonnes an hour.

Caramel is poured out of bubbling cauldron. Picture: TSPL

They buy in around 25 tonnes of coconut a month and around 15 tonnes of cocoa butter each week.

With these ingredients they make between ten and 12 million biscuits and cakes each week, including around 5 million wafers (referenced on the wafer packaging) and 3 million tea cakes.

2. Tunnock's sells in more than 40 countries and is extremely popular in the Middle East

The Tunnock's Boy. Picture: Wikimedia

The Uddingston-based biscuit company ships to more than 40 countries worldwide and is very popular in the Middle East, with Iraq and Kuwait, making up around 20 per cent of its total exports.

The family baker recently revealed that Yemen had taken delivery of 300,000 Caramel Wafers in the last 12 months alone.

Caramel Wafers are also a big hit in Kuwait, where they are known as 'boy biscuits’ after the face of the Tunnock's boy (who has never been named) on the box.

The first products exported by the company were Caramel Logs to Newfoundland, Canada in 1957, while Trinidad loves Caramel Wafers and Wafer Creams and even the Faroe Islands are reported to eat around 125,000 Caramel Wafers a year.

All this success and the company still only has one export sales manager and he apparently doesn’t travel abroad.

3. Boyd Tunnock, inventor of the Teacake has a very special Tunnock's notebook

Boyd Tunnock with staff on the caramel wafers production line. Picture: TSPL

Boyd Tunnock, the inventor of the Teacake, carries a very special notebook in which he has written down all that he needs to know about the family company. The notebook's contents, which includes all the latest sales figures and company statistics, also has the recipes for his signature creations and ideas for future recipes.

Apparently, he even keeps a small circle in the notebook, drawn onto the inside cover, with which he measures the baked biscuit bases for the Teacakes to ensure they are just the right size.

4. The giant Tunnock's Teacakes from the Commonwealth games opening ceremony were put up for auction

The Tunnock's dancers at the Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony. Picture: TSPL

That's right, you could have bought and owned one of these amazing pieces of memorabilia. We wish we had, just so we could have been as cool as the guy in the bottom right.

The giant Teacakes were sold as exclusive, limited-edition mementos and even came complete with hologram and letter of authenticity.

Tunnock's was such a hit at the Opening Ceremony that Waitrose revealed that in the weeks following the performance sales of Tunnock’s Tea Cakes soared by 62 per cent!

In fact, the company even reported this year that they made a whopping 15 million rise in tea cakes sold since the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

5. Tunnock's have featured on T-shirts, been the inspiration for wedding cakes and have even had some of their products miniaturised for doll's houses

The Tea Cake company’s clothing collection includes t-shirts, hooded sweaters and beanie hats.

The Tunnock's T(ea) Shirt with the caramel wafer logo. Picture: Tunnock's

They have also sold cufflinks with caramel wafer logos and a Tunnock’s Rubik’s Cube.

Tunnock's products have even been miniaturised and sold as doll house furniture.

Dolls house maker Sheena Hinks holds her miniature Tea cakes and Irn Bru creations. Picture: TSPL

They have even served as inspiration for a wedding cake, with Mathew Watt, 37, and wife Siobhan, 34, going a bit further than the average couple with their love for the Teacake.

The couple spent £395 on this super-sized chocolate sponge wedding cake, topped with red and silver icing to recreate the famous wrapper.

The Tunnock's themed wedding cake. Picture: TSPL

Mr Watt, an interior designer, told the Scotsman: “On the day, the cake actually got more attention than we did, but that wasn’t a bad thing. We were very happy with it.”

And they are not the only ones to share their love of Tunnock's on their wedding day, the First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, is said to have commissioned Tunnock's to make her wedding cake.

6. There's been an art exhibition dedicated to the company

Tunnocks exhibition at the Glasgow Print Studio. Assistant Olivia Bliss moves the artworks around. Picture: Robert Perry

In 2010, the Glasgow Print Studio held an art exhibition, Tunnocked, in which artists honoured the humble Teacake as well as its cousins, the Caramel Wafer and the Snowball.

Among the 40 different pieces of art inspired by the delicious products created by Tunnock's, was one Caramel Wafer which had been placed behind glass for emergencies, so essential was it to artist Harry Magee.

7. Tunnock's products have many celebrity fans, including several world famous pop stars

Chris Martin, the Coldplay singer, has said of his favourite treats: "You can’t choose between the Caramel Wafer and the Tea Cake – they’re like Lennon and McCartney, you can’t separate them."

While Howard Donald, of Take That fame, was delighted after fans from Manchester bought him a Tunnock's Teacake birthday cake which was presented to him on stage in Glasgow.

Singer Amy MacDonald even suggested she'd have loved to have been one of the dancers inside a giant Tunnock's at the Commonwealth Games opening ceremony.

8. Alex Salmond once greeted Australian media mogul Rupert Murdoch with a Tunnock's Caramel Wafer and a cup of tea

The First Minister admires a Tunnock's Teacake for a photshoot at the Uddingston factory. Picture: Phil Wilkinson

Alex Salmond apparently offered a Caramel Wafer and a cup of tea to Rupert Murdoch while he was entertaining the boss of News International at Bute House.

Alex Salmond reassured MSPs during the subsequent FMQs when he was questioned about the visit, that there was no fancy stuff involved. “There were no oysters. All you get at Bute House is a cup of tea and a Tunnock's caramel wafer.”

We are sure MrMurdoch was more than happy to accept the offering!

9. Tunnock's once took on the tax man over the classification of their snowballs, and won!

Workers pack Teacakes at the Tunnock's factory.
Picture: Robert Perry

Tunnock's, teamed up with rival Lee's, to challenge a ruling that saw them pay tax on their snowballs, placing them under “standard-rated confectionery”, which classified them as a biscuit.

Judges Anne Scott and Peter Sheppard, from the First-Tier Tax Tribunal, tested a plate of treats including Jaffa cakes, Bakewell tarts and meringues – all classified as cakes for tax purposes – as they made their decision.

Ms Scott then said: “A snowball looks like a cake. It is not out of place on a plate full of cakes. A snowball has the mouth feel of a cake.”She added: “Although by no means everyone considers a snowball to be a cake, we find that these facts mean that a snowball has sufficient characteristics to be characterised as a cake. For all these reasons, the appeals succeed.”

Tunnock’s received a rebate of just over £800k after both companies won their appeals.

10.The company is so successful that Boyd Tunnock is now on the Sunday Times rich list

With a net worth of £75 million pounds - the minimum needed to make the cut in Scotland - Boyd Tunnock is now on the Sunday Times Rich list.

11. Even Squirrels apparently love Tunnock's Teacakes

A squirrel enjoys a Tunnock's Teacake taken from a bin in Glasgow's Kelvingrove park. Picture: Mike McGurk

This cheeky chappy was spotted enjoying a Teacake in Kelvingrove park one afternoon.


10 Things you didn’t know about Col. John Boyd

  1. F-86 Sabre Pilot in Korea
    In 1953, Boyd arrived in Korea as an F-86 Sabre pilot. He had a short tour, participating in only 22 missions instead of 100 missions necessary to complete a tour then. Boyd was never credited with an aerial kill, as he served as a wingman and never firing his gun.
  2. Weapons School Instructor
    Shortly after returning from Korea, he was assigned to the USAF Weapons School as a student, where he graduated at the top of his class. He would be invited to stay on as an instructor and became head of the Academic Section, writing the school’s tactics manual.
  3. OODA Loop
    During his time at the Weapons School, he developed his O.O.D.A. (observe, orient, decide, and act) concept, a development of the inherent decision-making process that every individual performs. Boyd instructed Weapons School pilots that the one who can cycle through their OODA process loop quicker than their opponent during combat would gain the tactical advantage. The OODA Loop enabled pilots to adapt quickly to rapidly changing situations.
  4. Aerial Attack Study
    He also formulated the Aerial Attack Study, which would revolutionize aerial tactics. Part of this theory is that a pilot going into aerial combat should know what his enemy’s position and velocity are. With this information, a pilot can counter what the enemy was capable of doing and gain an advantage by quickly reacting. This study became everything the fighter pilot needed to know to be victorious and is now used for training around the world.
  5. Energy–maneuverability theory
    Boyd, along with civilian mathematician Thomas Christie, developed the E-M Theory. The E-M Theory is a model of an aircraft’s performance. The theory stated, “an aircraft’s energy state and energy rate capabilities are directly related to operational maneuverability and efficiency in terms of energy-maneuverability theory.” Energy-Maneuverability – Mar 1966 Maj. John R. Boyd, USAF. E-M theory became the world standard for the design of fighter aircraft.
  6. “Forty Second Boyd”
    Boyd was an excellent fighter pilot. He was so good that he had a $40 standing offer that he would pay to any pilot that could defeat him in aerial combat in less than 40 seconds. Boyd could start at a disadvantaged position, and in less than 40 seconds, defeat any opposing pilot. He never had to pay anyone the $40.
  7. Orders to Vietnam Cancelled
    Like other Air Force pilots in the mid-1960s, Colonel Boyd would be ordered to Vietnam. However, his orders would be canceled before he deployed and he would be directed to go to Washington D.C. In DC, he was tasked with applying his Energy-maneuverability Theory to a floundering Air Force program, the FX Program. His work saved what would become the F-15 Eagle. Missing being deployed to Vietnam and with the lack of an enemy kill in Korea, Boyd became the most important air-to-air combat strategist with no combat kills.
  8. “Fighter Mafia”
    With Colonel Everest Riccioni and Pierre Sprey, Boyd formed a small advocacy group within Headquarters USAF that dubbed itself the “Fighter Mafia”. Using his E-M Theory, Boyd spurred the USAF to explore a lightweight fighter (LFW) program. This led to the development of the YF-16, which would become the USAF F-16 Fighting Falcon, and the YF-17, which would become the Navy’s F-18 Hornet.
  9. The Marine’s Maneuver Warfare
    Boyd‘s study of historical military strategy, like Napoleon’s use of maneuver to defeat his enemy, led to his theory on Maneuver Warfare. This military strategy advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption. Applying this theory, he collaborated with the Marine Corps to create a new tactics manual, which became the Marine model of maneuver warfare.
  10. Desert Storm Planning
    In 1981 after his retirement from the military, Boyd presented a briefing called “Patterns of Conflict” to US Congressman Dick Cheney. Nearly a decade later in 1990, John would be called back by Cheney, who was then Secretary of Defense, to help with the invasion planning of Iraq for Operation Desert Storm. Boyd was very influential for the ultimate left hook design of the plan that led coalition forces to maneuver around and behind the Iraqis.

Despite how important he was to the reform of military tactics for the U.S. and countries around the world, Colonel John Boyd is often referred to as the greatest military strategist in history that no one knows. His work on the development of a lightweight fighter for the U.S. Air Force based on his Energy–maneuverability theory delivered one of the most important fighter aircraft in history, the F-16 Fighting Falcon.

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She’s written three books

In 2009, Harris, who was elected as San Francisco’s district attorney six years earlier, published her first book, Smart on Crime: A Career Prosecutor&aposs Plan to Make Us Safer, which focused on criminal justice reform.

Ahead of the launch of her 2019 presidential campaign, Harris introduced voters to her values in The Truths We Hold: An American Journey, which included a blend of career highlights and personal philosophy. "A patriot is not someone who condones the conduct of our country whatever it does,” she wrote in an excerpt from O.. “It is someone who fights every day for the ideals of the country, whatever it takes.”

Also in 2019, she released an illustrated children’s book, Superheroes Are Everywhere, which was geared toward readers aged three to seven. In the book, she wrote about how heroism is more about choice and character than capes. "Heroes stand up for what is right. Who stands up for what is right in your life?" the book poses, while introducing kids to the heroes of Harris&aposs life, per O..


The pair have been together for 23 years and have five children together Poppy Honey Rosie, 15, Daisy Boo Pamela, 14, Petal Blossom Rainbow, 8, Buddy Bear Maurice, 6 and River Rocket born in August last year. True childhood sweethearts.

He does cook in the buff for his wife though and things don't always go to plan. Jamie explained that one Valentine's Day he attempted to cook a meal in the nude: 'I was naked in the kitchen and burnt my penis. It really ruined my evening &mdash and my night.' Poor chap.


“A picture is worth 1,000 words an action is worth 1,000 pictures." — Jhoon Rhee

For decades, we've known Jhoon Rhee as the father of taekwondo u Americi. Without digging too deep into our memories, most of us could tell you that the master is based in Washington, D.C., and that he's trained elected officials on Capitol Hill for years. Some may also know that Jhoon Rhee was instrumental in the development of martial arts sparring gear back in the 1970s and that in 1983 he was inducted into the Crni pojas Hall of Fame as Man of the Year. In martial arts circles, he's as famous as anyone can be.

Ironically, few people — in America or his native South Korea — know much about Jhoon Rhee other than the aforementioned points. To remedy that, I wrote this article. It presents 10 fun and fascinating facts about taekwondo's best-known practitioner.

1 RHEE, LEE AND ALI

In 1964, Rhee met Bruce Lee at Ed Parker's International Karate Championship in Long Beach, California. The two became friends and frequently discussed the martial arts, and Rhee wound up teaching a few taekwondo kicks to Bruce Lee. A number of people vehemently deny that, and if you're one of them, consider the following:

Bruce Lee's early demonstrations centered on hand techniques that utilized speed and power. His prowess in the physical pursuits stemmed from his experience as a dancer, boxer and wing chun practitioner — none of which was oriented toward kicking. When Lee rose to fame as a kung fu actor, it was well after his collaboration with Rhee had begun.

Now take a look at a Jhoon Rhee side kick — any photo from one of his early taekwondo books or articles will do. Compare that to film footage of Bruce Lee doing a side kick. The techniques are nearly identical. Jhoon Rhee is also credited with teaching Muhammad Ali the “accu-punch," a fact that Ali stood behind. The accu-punch is described as a blow that's done instantly when no thought is given to it. It's launched as soon as an opponent presents an opening. Ali said he used the punch in 1975 to knock out U.K. heavyweight champ Richard Dunn in one minute 30 seconds. Pretty cool — but wait a minute. Rhee credits Bruce Lee with having taught him more effective hand techniques that didn't telegraph one's intent. So maybe it's more accurate to say Lee taught the punch to Ali through Rhee.

2 THE BIG SCREEN

In the 1973 Raymond Chow flick When Taekwondo Strikes, Jhoon Rhee had a role. The setting was one he was all too familiar with: the Japanese occupation of Korea. Rhee demo'd his taekwondo skills on the big screen while portraying a leader of the resistance. He looked forward to more opportunities in showbiz, but Bruce Lee passed away around the time the movie hit the theaters. That, coupled with the amount of time Rhee was required to be away from his family and his martial arts schools, left a sour taste in his mouth. It ended up being his first and last film.

The karate/kobudo master teamed up with Black Belt magazine to make Fumio Demura Karate Weapons: Complete Video Course. Merging Demura's classic DVDs with new new kata footage, the program streams lessons on the nunchaku, bo, kama, sai, tonfa and eku bo to your digital device. Details here!

3 FROM KARATE MAN TO FATHER OF TAEKWONDO

When Jhoon Rhee began teaching the martial arts while studying engineering in Texas in the late 1950s, he advertised his program as karate. Occasionally, he'd use the name tang soo do to denote the style of karate he taught. Using the word “karate" was a wise move because Americans were familiar with it. Virtually no one had heard of taekwondo.

In 1960, Gen. Choi Hong-hi paid a visit to the Texas-based Jhoon Rhee Karate Club. Choi, the founder of the oh do kwan, one of the original five kwan that emerged after Japanese colonial rule, encouraged Rhee to use the new Korean term. Calling it “taekwondo" evoked a sense of freedom and independence, as well as respect for the Korean homeland. Rhee agreed. The road wasn't an easy one to follow, but Rhee proved he was more than up to the challenge. His decision to go with the new name made him the United States' first taekwondo instructor.

4 BORN TO FAIL

Jhoon Rhee possessed a reverse punch and roundhouse kick that were second to none. He could bust boards with either technique. Combine that taekwondo prowess with his strength, balance and flexibility, and you can see that he was an exemplary athlete. However, it wasn't always that way. When he was a child, no one thought he'd amount to much physically. “I was the smallest, weakest, most uncoordinated kid in school," Rhee says. “When I was 6, a 5-year-old girl beat me up. When we ran track, I was always last. No one expected me to succeed in athletics."

These are a few of the books Jhoon Rhee has written.

5 TAEKWONDO GODFATHER

Once Jhoon Rhee concluded his studies in Texas, he moved to Washington, D.C. “When I came to Washington in 1962, I wrote many letters to ambassadors telling them to pay attention to their children's education," he says. “I told them, 'If your children come to my school, I guarantee they will make A's and B's.' Some asked, 'How can you do that?' I said, 'If they don't, they won't make black belt.' They immediately began enrolling their kids.

“After a few years, they saw the results. As the various ambassadors' tenure expired, they had to return to their homelands. Many asked me to share my instructors and teach them in their countries. I didn't have enough instructors to go around, so I introduced them to my classmates from the 1940s, several of whom traveled to their countries to teach. These instructors would then introduce taekwondo to neighboring countries. The training of ambassadors' family members would happen again and again as they came and went from Washington."

The result: More than 179 countries now have access to taekwondo instruction, which is why it was accepted into the Olympics.

Jhoon Rhee and Ronald Reagan in 1981.

6 TEACHER OF CONGRESS

Jhoon Rhee has taught more than 350 U.S. senators and representatives. Rep. Bob Livingston (R-Louisiana), Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-Illinois) and Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-New York) are just a few of those who've made it to black belt. Other notable students include former Vice President Joe Biden, Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-California) and former Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Georgia).

How did Rhee manage to corral so many Congress critters? First, his home base is D.C., a community to which he's remained committed for years. Second, he endeavors to bring trust, loyalty and honesty to all his relationships. Third, he espouses a philosophy that holds that taking action makes good things happen.

7 TRUE PATRIOT

For years, Jhoon Rhee and his students have performed taekwondo routines to The Star Spangled Banner i God Bless America. He calls it martial ballet. The martial arts component represents Eastern culture to the West, and the music symbolizes Western culture to the East. The result is a marriage of East and West designed to promote peace and freedom for all.

“America has really helped Korea, and I am so grateful for this," Rhee says. “More than 34,000 young people sacrificed their lives for a country they never heard of and people they never met — it's hard to imagine. Then the Americans helped rebuild Korea's economy into what it is today." Rhee is repulsed when modern Koreans talk negatively about the United States or shout things like “Yankee, go home!"

He recalls a time not too long ago when he reminded Koreans of the generosity of Americans: “During Korea's last two administrations, there were communists occupying the president's office. People in the administrations were carefully trying to influence everybody to be anti-American. Five years ago, I went there to give a speech to 300 masters. I said: 'I heard America is really unpopular now. I want to see how many of you think America is bad.' Fifty percent raised their hands. I continued my speech, and after I got through with them, I said, 'If I got you a green card and a one-way ticket, how many of you would come to the U.S. and live?' One hundred percent raised their hands."

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8 AT THE UNITED NATIONS

On April 10, 2007, Jhoon Rhee addressed an assembly of world leaders at the United Nations and gave one of the most moving speeches of all time. Its title was “Mending Our Troubled World With Martial Arts Philosophy of Action." He spoke about the need for a vision, arguing that vision is the source of inspiration for reconstructing society.

He recalled an answer Helen Keller gave when she was asked what could be more difficult than living without sight. The blind woman said, “Sight without vision." Rhee also spoke about education.

He outlined his golden rules of teaching: Lead by example and never fail to correct students' mistakes with a smile — not until they learn but until they develop a habit or skill. He also explained his famous seven qualities of a champion, which apply as much to business and personal relationships as they do to the martial arts: patience, speed, timing, power, balance, flexibility and good posture.

9 TAEKWONDO TRIUMPHS IN RUSSIA

On January 9, 1991, Jhoon Rhee began 11 days of seminars in Moscow. He taught for 18 hours a day, obviously with little rest or free time. On the final day, he sat down with 87 martial artists and conducted a 15-hour question-and-answer session. (Rhee answered every question presented to him, including the old standby: Which came first, the chicken or the egg? He said, “The egg, of course.") By the end of the event, the attendees were so inspired that they all changed the names of their schools to Jhoon Rhee Taekwondo.

10 PRESIDENTIAL TESTIMONIAL

Jhoon Rhee's good deeds have garnered him glowing praise from none other than former President George H.W. Bush: “I've known Master Rhee as a leader, a great volunteer and an expert [at taekwondo] since the '60s. I was elected to Congress at the end of 1966, and it was shortly thereafter that I met him. Master Rhee was teaching a bunch of congressmen, and he did a great job at it. We call him 'Master Rhee' because he is at the top of his field here. He brought this marvelous martial art to the United States of America. He's taught members of Congress [and] has helped children on a volunteer basis and otherwise, too. It's a great discipline, good exercise. He's done a lot for our country."

Floyd Burk is a San Diego-based 10th-degree black belt with more than 40 years of experience in the martial arts.


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